Tuesday, August 25, 2020
Marketable strategy for versatile tea hot cart streetcar - Thesis Example Be that as it may, it is expected that any additional hazard related will be considered in advance and the statistical surveying, legitimate and common prerequisites; budgetary arranging will be balanced appropriately to oblige the hazard. The providing food business is as of now a famous choice for business visionaries with proprietors moving from normalized charges and topics to increasingly novel ones to increase upper hand (Pace, 2011). For Mobile Tea Sexy Dolly Trolley the ribald picture will assist them with standing separated from different contenders. The business will be set up as an organization with all administration exercises did by the accomplices, while the staff will be there to offer the genuine types of assistance. The accomplices have both have had past involvement with the administration and food industry however this will be there first endeavor as business visionaries. 2.0 Business Description The principal thing which will get the buyers and the stake holderÃ¢â ¬â¢s eye is simply the name of the business; the name Mobile Tea Sexy Dolly Trolley has been chosen as it quickly advises that the business is in certainty a themed providing food administration with some uncommon segments. It is the providing food administration with will make heads turn and cause a buzz any place it visits. As the name recommends the Ã¢â¬ËMobile Tea Sexy Dolly TrolleyÃ¢â¬â¢ providing food will be constrained only to arrangement of Tea and tea variations, served from old-style Dolly Trolleys by spectacular and alluring staff. Alongside the tea will be reasonable snacks, for example, petite sandwiches and interesting scones yet no different kinds of food will be incorporated. The emphasis will be on the experience that clients will get, getting a charge out of the spoiling considerations of our staff as the tea and tidbits are arranged or set before them. The business will be brazen and direct in statement of its primary fascination: the staff. The business pl ans to oblige primarily a grown-up and develop crowd who can value the experience and not excuse it as something inappropriate or an expendable prevailing fashion. Premium charges will be taken for the administrations of our staff and the stylish quality they will bring to any occasion. It will be a novel encounter for anybody to watch and appreciate the fixings served by the exceptionally productive, well mannered and beguiling people working for us and despite the fact that it may not be considered as a standard support of recruit, they will need to enjoy the experience a couple of more occasions. The center objective gatherings for our administrations will be grown-up parties, suppers, corporate group building exercises, and office cooking. We comprehend the need of the organizations and organizations these days to keep their representatives intrigued and roused in the working environment. The lunch break is an important appropriate for the laborer; it gives an opportunity to unw ind, take sustenance, mingle or even work to clear that accumulation (Tahmincioglu, 2012). For the executives who need to give some reviving amusement to their workers alongside the additional food decisions, Mobile Tea Sexy Dolly Trolley can be the business to recruit. Our staff will make a buzz in the workplace, give everybody bounty to discuss in the coming days and give feeding and soothing tea directly at the work areas of the laborers. The portability is perhaps the greatest quality, as the items can be conveyed wherever without any problem
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Make an examination picture of a notable craftsman, clarify how their work reacts to specific social issues - Essay Example ject, requiring the craftsman to go through years painting in wet mortar as opposed to taking a shot at his model or different ventures, some may think about what incited Michelangelo to attempt this undertaking instead of permitting some other craftsman the questionable respect. Exactly how much opportunity Michelangelo had in this choice is a frequently talked about subject. It may likewise be pondered whether the subject of the canvas was controlled by Michelangelo himself or the Pope who appointed him for the undertaking. To all the more completely welcome the procedure that added to the making of the Sistine Ceiling, it is important to comprehend the insights about the commission of the task, why it was appointed, why Michelangelo acknowledged the commission given the troubles in question, how he met these difficulties given the media and subject required just as his last evaluation of the outcomes. It is generally acknowledged that Pope Julius II appointed Michelangelo to paint the Sistine Chapel roof as none other had the force and power to compel the craftsman back to Rome. Michelangelo had fled the city just two years sooner after the Pope initially dispatched him to make around 40 models in the most sumptuous Papal tomb intended to date and afterward wouldn't respect his bit of the agreement. Likewise, the work being mentioned of Michelangelo was painting as opposed to design which he liked. Different records demonstrate having the roof finished by Michelangelo was the possibility of Donato Bramante, who planned to dishonor MichelangeloÃ¢â¬â¢s overwhelming notoriety. Ã¢â¬Å"In MichelangeloÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes, Bramante had convinced the pope to desert the undertaking [of the tomb] by notice him that it was misfortune to have oneÃ¢â¬â¢s tomb cut during oneÃ¢â¬â¢s lifetime, and had then proposed a by and large extraordinary commission for the artist, an errand at which he rea lized Michelangelo couldn't in any way, shape or form succeedÃ¢â¬ (King, 2003, p. 11). Work started on the venture in 1536 under Pope Paul III and was
Tuesday, August 11, 2020
Apply with LinkedIn Another Reason to Have a KILLER LinkedIn Profile On July 24, 2011, LinkedIn announced their âApply with LinkedInâ system. According to LinkedInâs Blog, Apply with LinkedIn will allow you to âsubmit your profile for any job application on the web with one simple click.â Most notable about this program is that companies will be able to install a button on their websites, allowing applicants to apply using a LinkedIn profile! You now have another incentive to write a KILLER LinkedIn profile. LinkedIn claims that over one thousand companies are jumping on the bandwagon, including big names like Netflix, TripIt and Photobucket. The following are LinkedIns 3 advertised selling points for job seekers: 1. You can modify your profile for each position. If you want to cater your profile to each job position, this is your chance. Of course, you could get in trouble if the company were to go back and check your profile to find that it looks completely different from the profile you submittedâ¦ so donât modify too much! 2. LinkedIn will show you the names of people who can introduce you to someone in the company. We all know that the way to get a job is through networking, and LinkedIn apparently will help you get started. I wonder how effective these leads really are, however, since if everyone who applies for the position is given contact information of people at the company, these contacts might be inundated with communications from hundreds of job seekers. This feature could lose its power pretty quickly. 3. LinkedIn will track all your applications for you! Tracking services and historical information on your job search? Now that is a huge advantage, especially for the organizationally challenged! All you have to do is go to the âSaved Jobsâ tab under the Jobs category, and youâll be able to view a record of all the jobs youâve applied to. Imagine twenty or thirty years from now looking back nostalgically on those first Apply with LinkedIn attempts. Your STELLAR LinkedIn Profile! The most important takeaway of this roll-out as I see it is that if you are planning to apply to one of the thousands of companies who soon will be using the Apply with LinkedIn button, you will really need to make sure your LinkedIn profile is 100% complete â" and that it sparkles! The Essay Expert is here to help you, through webinars and direct services, to create a profile you are proud of. View The Essay Expertâs LinkedIn Profile Services and contact us through our web form or at 608-467-0067.
Saturday, May 23, 2020
Organizational culture can play a very important role in any corporationÃ¢â¬â¢s success. As we learn more about how to make a company more successful through effective management of Human Resource, we are learning of the value of people, as a whole, and how they contribute to the success or failure of an organization. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s even more so true with in healthcare organizations. Nurses play a pivotal role in the health care profession and make up the majority of healthcare workers in a hospital setting. However, there is a nursing shortage globally that is expected to increase as nurses from the baby boom era are set to retire. This is where human resource management and organizational culture come into play. There have been prior studies thatÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This article will discuss organizational culture as it relates to the nursing profession and healthcare as a whole. II. Literature Review Culture, as defined by Florea, Goldbach, Goldbach (2011), is essential, as it affects service quality, organizational productivity, and financial results. This occurs even more so in a hospital setting, an area in which cultures vary within the healthcare providers and their patients. The literature on organizational culture and its impact on nurses and the healthcare system are increasing in frequency due to the increase in cultural variety noted in healthcare organizations. According to the article, Improving Hospital Performance through Organizational Culture (2011), many prior researchers believed that organizational culture had potential effects on employee motivation and behavior. They believed that it affected employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ productivity, performance, commitment, self-confidence and ethical behavior and many have tested the validity of this theory by researching and studying the organizational cultures within several industries. Prior research has showed that there is a li nk between excellent cultural organization and overall employee performance. Chee, Kamal, Wingender (2011) decided to conduct a study of their own to determine how organizational cultureShow MoreRelatedEffective Organizational Support For Professional Advancement1279 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDeveloping a transparent organizational commitment to succession planning creates an opportunistic culture encouraging professional development and increasing opportunities for high-potential employees (Bolton Roy, 2004; Rothwell, 2010; Swan Moye, 2009). Transparent organizational support for professional advancement has the potential to boost morale and improve nursing retention (Coonan, 2005). Succession planning efforts at the nurse manager level provide staff nurses an opportunity to exploreRead MoreThe Key Human Resource Management1297 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Human resource management Ã¢â¬Å"is the organizational function of planning for human resource needs, recruitment, compensat ion, selection, development, evaluation, and handling of grievances and labor relationsÃ¢â¬ (Singh, 2016, p. 362). The key human resource competencies as outlined by the Healthcare Leadership Alliance (HLA) include: communication and relationship management; leadership; professionalism; knowledge of the healthcare environment and business skills. The healthcare leadershipRead MoreThe Role Of Hrm At Davita And How They Have Strategically Benefited Out Of It1730 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction Human resource management refers to the process of dealing with people or controlling them. It plays an important role in effective utilization of human resources and bringing effective people in an organization (Attridge, 2009). With the following research at DaVita, one shall come to know about the standard model of HRM and how it is employed in the strategic planning of an organizational structure. The HR manager maintains the strategies at the top most levels being in regular contactRead MoreHuman Resource Management1748 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesModule 1 Ã¢â¬â CASE HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT; CHALLENGES AND CHANGES Case Assignment In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s job market we see many human resource management changes and challenges evolving with the changes in a competitive market environment. One goal of the human resource department is to hire employees that will be as productive as possible, which in turn leads to more revenue and the success of an organization. In healthcare we see even more challenges; making sure there is enough staff members to care forRead MoreChanging Roles Of Nursing Today1358 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Changing Roles in Nursing Today Kenneth Zapata Miami Dade College Professor- Dr. Violeta Aguilar NUR3846- 856887 Changing Roles in Nursing Today Introduction The health care industry is undergoing a considerate change. In fact, the new model of leadership is current running across industries. According to Bickford, Brewer, Cones, Humes, and Wurzbacher (2010), the theory of transformational leadership is becoming popular among the health practitioners. It revolves around quality servicesRead MoreKey Resources That Affect Creativity Are Time And Money778 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¢â¬ ¢ Resources - The two main resources that affect creativity are time and money. When it comes to a project, we must determine the funding, people and other resources that a team legitimately needs to complete the task. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Work-group FeaturesÃ¢â¬âGroup must work for common objectives of their group. There must be mutual understanding between group members. There must be predefined rules and regulations for every group member. There should be effective communication among every group member.(Wride, 2012)Read MoreHuman Resource Management As Defined By ( Boone Kurtz, 1984 )1445 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHuman resource management as defined by (Boone Kurtz, 1984) Ã¢â¬Å"is the organizational function of planning for human resource needs, recruitment, selection, compensation, development, evaluation, and handling of grievances and labor relationsÃ¢â¬ (Singh, 2016 p. 362). The key human resource competencies as outlined by the Healthcare Leadership Alliance (HLA); a consortium of major professional associations in the healthcare field include: communication and relationship management; leadership; professionalism;Read MoreEffective Communication Among Every Group Member790 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages support creativity by serving as a role model, persevering through tough problem, as well as encouraging trust, collaboration and communication within the team. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Organizational Support - Encouragement from supervisors certainly fosters creativity, but creativity is truly enhanced when the entire organization supports it. Organizational leaders must put in place appropriate systems or procedures that value and recognize creative contributions. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Managerial Implication- Positive approach to innovationRead MoreFormal Structure Interface With Internal And External Business Environment992 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshappening in internal and external business environment.  The success-survival-growth of business completely depends of innovation with scenario analysis   Ã¢â¬ ¢ How Innovation can be successfully implemented in Organization: Role of organizational culture in overcoming challenges and Resistance to change An article Ã¢â¬Å"How to Kill CreativityÃ¢â¬ published in the Harvard Business Review (1998), Therese Amabile identified a few proven strategies for organizations to help promote creativity and addressRead MoreThe Elements Of Management As A Tool For Solving Problems1441 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesElements of management should be guided by the human physical dynamism of organizational units, which seeks to attain the objective and the satisfaction of an organization (Robbins Judge, 2015). Management is guiding human and physical resources into dynamic organizational units which attain their objectives to the satisfaction of those served and with a high degree of morale and sense of attainment on the part of those rendering service. Ã¢â¬âAmerican Management Association The aim of this report
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
What makes a successful person successful and why? How can we evolve these skills if there are any and teach it to other kids? Angela Lee Duckworth, a Ph.D. psychologist, professor and researcher at the University of Pennsylvania, did studies in Neuroanatomy, brain physiology and cognitive development. Surprisingly, the studies have shown that it was not a personÃ¢â¬â¢s IQ, social intelligence, talent, or physical health that drove his/her academic or professional success. Dr. Duckworth, claims, Ã¢â¬Å"It was grit.Ã¢â¬ According to the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, grit is Ã¢â¬Å"Perseverance and passion for long-term goals; grit entails working strenuously toward challenges, maintaining effort and interest over years despite failure, adversity, and plateaus in progressÃ¢â¬ (Duckworth, Peterson, Matthews, Kelly, 2007, p. 1088). Which means people with grit have a long-term goal that no matter what, despite obstacles and failures they are always motivated and working hard to achieve their goals. Duckworth also mentioned that in order to build grit in kids first we need to teach them about the brain development and plasticity which creates a growth mindset in them. Dr. Duckworth explains in her speech, that growth mindset is, Ã¢â¬Å"The belief that the ability to learn is not fixed, that it can be changed with your effort.Ã¢â¬ This idea was proposed by Carol S. Dweck, a psychologist professor and researcher at Stanford University. Students should adopt a growth mindset to be gritty,Show MoreRelatedWhat Makes A Successful Person?885 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesgoal. A person who takes on a leadership role is charismatic and is open to other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s opinions. When a leader sees a situation unfit, he is not going to bark orders around, but is going to work with the team to efficiently complete the task. Taking on a leadership role means you donÃ¢â¬â¢t mind being accountable for whatever may go wrong. You show no fear and is always one step ahead. You identify you and your teamÃ¢â¬â¢s strengths and weaknesses to best come up with a plan to be successful. LeadershipRead MoreEssay On Happiness And Success864 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAlt hough happiness is not merely associated with success, truly successful individuals first find happiness and passion for their life and career. Being successful does not necessarily mean that one has saved a lot of money or lives a luxurious life. It may mean that one has talented children, good spouse, attained high academic performance, has promising career, for example. The fact that success brings satisfaction in life makes a person feel happier because he/she can experience joy from many thingsRead MoreThe And Its Effect On Society1427 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessilence or amidst the pity of others, and there has always been the question of whether the suffering makes us stronger as a person and leads to success, or damages us and we never truly recover. It is true, we are all different, stigmas affect us in various ways and can either aid us or hinder us; however, one thing that unites us is our courage, our belief, and our will, the will that will either make us or break us. Stren gth, it can be more than brute force, it is more than brute force, it is alsoRead MoreMy Definition of Success Essay1399 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Do you know someone rich and famous? Is that person confident, popular, and joyful all of the timeÃ¢â¬âthe epitome of mainstream success? Or, on the other hand, is the person stressed, having second thoughts about his life choices, and unsure about the meaning of his life? I am willing to bet that it is the second one. Mainstream marketing and media have effectively brainwashed our society into accepting a false, even potentially dangerous definition of success. Marketers want us to believe that havingRead MoreSuccess Is Within The Individual Mind And Expectations907 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand expectations. The definition of success differs from just one personÃ¢â¬â¢s interpretation of what success means. A large block of life is spent working to become successful: acquiring an education, being able to take care of family, achieving a lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s ambition, or making money. People are told throughout childhood to work hard so they can grow up and make lots of money. Everyone asp ires to be successful at whatever we are doing: starting a new business, repairing the car, writing a term paper orRead MoreA Summary Of The Torah And Tao Te Ching1270 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAncient text like the Torah and Tao Te Ching reveals what it means to be a successful human. Ã ¬There is a God who oversees the life of humans and determines if they have lived successfully. The Gods have all the power so it is necessary to get on their good side. The Torah is the story of creation and the beginning of time. The Tao Te Ching is the great book of the way of virtue. The Torah and Lao TzuÃ¢â¬â¢s Tao Te Ching show that to be a successful human being it is necessary to be loyal to the God figureRead MoreThe Successful Entrepreneurs1264 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBUSINESS MANAGEMENT ( FMG0044 ) ASSIGNMENT 1 : Ã¢â¬Å" THE SUCCESSFUL ENTREPRENEURS Ã¢â¬ Lecturer : Sir Azizi Name : 1) Ahmad Zul Iqmal B. Zulkifli (012012051643) 2) Khoo Chee Hong (012012050692) CONTENT 1) Introduction 2) Profile / Background of the entrepreneur 3) The success characteristics / traits of the entrepreneur 4) How should I imply his / her success attitude to improve my personal development / my life ? 5) Conclusion INTRODUCTION EntrepreneurshipRead MoreSuccess Requires Sacrifice Essay695 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesSuccess Requires Sacrifice EveryoneÃ¢â¬â¢s goal in life is to be successful in some way, most try to attain this through a career. A successful career leads to a fortuitous reputation in society. A triumphant career also puts a person well off in the money department, which everyone needs to survive in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. With everything success brings there is something that has to be given up or set aside. To have a successful career a person would have to give up social time, time with family, and mostRead MoreWhat Is A Successful Manager?1734 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWhat is a successful manager? Is it one that can lead their company to thrive, or is it a manger that can rally the employees to provide quality work? A manager is a person who is responsible for supervising and motivating employees and for directing the progress of the company. A successful manager usually means happy employees and a successful company. The successful manager must possess certain qualities and skills in order to be succe ssful. However, most people who are managers, have beenRead MoreDivergent by Veronica Roth Essay606 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesgreat leaders in the world today, though many donÃ¢â¬â¢t know what it is that makes them great leaders. In the novel Divergent, by Veronica Roth, leadership is not just shown through the main protagonist, but also through the other characters. Four is a character in the book that possesses great leadership skills. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s dependable and provides good advice, especially to Tris who gets in a lot of troublesome situations. The qualities that make a successful leader are keeping a level head, and being ready to
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
string(201) " financial institutions queued up to invest in the Indonesian pulp and paper companies because they perceived that they had a competitive advantage due to their access to cheap raw material resources\." Indonesian Economy Asia Pulp and Paper A short strategy analysis of APP mission , vision and strategy Indonesian Economy Asia Pulp and Paper A short strategy analysis of APP mission , vision and strategy Summary Introduction2 I. company overview3 II. APPÃ¢â¬â¢s financials, environment issues and mattel4 1. We will write a custom essay sample on Indonesian Economy: Asia Pulp and Paper or any similar topic only for you Order Now APPÃ¢â¬â¢s financials 2. Environment issues 3. Mattel III. The challenges and recomanded strategy7 1. The challeges 2. Recommandations IV. APP, a company to watch9 Conclusion10 References Introduction Corporate governance refers to the control of the firm, its ownership structure, and the disclosure quality. It was widely discussed in relation to the Asian crisis in 1997-98, because poor firm performance was assumed to be related to bad corporate governance . In particular, the East Asian economic model was said to reveal a Ã¢â¬Å"crony capitalismÃ¢â¬ , with the presence of numerous family-controlled groups, a high ownership concentration, a weak public governance, and poor monitoring of bank loans . The group Asia Pulp Paper (APP) expanded impressively in the 1990s and became the largest pulp and paper producer in Asia outside Japan, and one of the top ten producers in the world. It attracted investors from all over the world in a context of Ã¢â¬Å"Asian miracleÃ¢â¬ , and because the giant pulp mills built in Indonesia were assumed to produce at the lowest cost in the world . Surprisingly, the group announced a debt standstill on $13 billion in 2001, the largest default for a private group in an emerging country At the same time, it was revealed that the industrial capacities had expanded at a much faster pace than the forest plantations, thus representing a high risk that operations would not be sustainable. Available studies showed the apparent lack of rationality in the decisions of the group, and the critical situation it faces from both financial and wood supply points of view. However, another explanation would be more convincing, which is based on the very rational behaviour of the ultimate owners of the group. This rationality being related to their ability: to increase their control of the decisions and accounts compared to their direct financial investments, to finance the expansion mainly with debts in order to reduce their own risks and to maximize their short-term profits, ,to benefit from a lax public governance context and a free access to natural forests for supplying fiber to the pulp mills. APPÃ¢â¬â¢s trajectory has not been clean of obstacles , so with the tools provided by the theory strategy and organizational management we Ã¢â¬Ëre going to try to find the Ã «Ã good Ã » way to manage that company . This is important because APPÃ¢â¬â¢s default has attracted much attention so far, and the resolution of the case will impact on the willingness of foreigners to invest back in Indonesia. I. Company overview Asia Pulp and Paper (APP) has its roots in 1972, when the company Tjiwi Kimia was founded by Eka Tjipta Widjaja as a small caustic soda manufacturer. In 1978, Tjiwi Kimia commenced paper production of 12,000 tons/year. In December 1976, Indah Kiat was formed as a joint venture between CV Berkat (an Indonesian company), Chung Hwa Pulp Corporation and Yuen Foong Yu Paper Manufacturing Company Ltd. from Taiwan. In April 1979 Indah Kiat Tangerang millÃ¢â¬â¢s Paper Machine 1 and 2 started with a production of 100 tons/day of wood free paper. By March 1984 Indah Kiat Perawang millÃ¢â¬â¢s Pulp Machine 1 started producing bleached hardwood kraft pulp with an initial capacity of 250 tons/day. In May 1986 Sinar Mas Group acquired 67% of Indah KiatÃ¢â¬â¢s total shares. Chung Hwa and Yuen Foong Yu had 23% and 10% shares respectively. In 1987 the first cast coating machine installed at Tjiwi Kimia, and in April 1990 Tjiwi Kimia was listed on the Jakarta and Surabaya Stock Exchange. In 1991 Tjiwi KimiaÃ¢â¬â¢s PM 9 started operation with an annual capacity of 207,000 tons. The following year Indah Kiat acquired PT Sinar Dunia Makmur, a manufacturer of industrial paper located in Serang with a 2. roduction capacity of 900 tons/day. jiwi Kimia commissioned the Carbonless Paper Plant in March 1993, an experiment The company Pindo Deli under control of APP in Feb. 1994, and by 1997 its paper machine #8 and #9 would both have begin operation with production capacity of 240,000 tons per year. In 1998, paper machine #11 started tissue production in Pindo Deli with annual production capacity of 400,000 tons started to operate. APP-China began investing in China in 1992, with an emp hasis on the Yangtze and Pearl River Deltas. APP-ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s pulp and paper mills now include Ningbo Zhonghua, Goldeast Paper, Ningbo Asia, Gold Huasheng, Gold Hongye, and Hainan Jinhai Pulp and Paper. APP-China was registered in Singapore in October 1994. APP-China employs over 37,000 people and created 5,000 new jobs in 2009 II. APPÃ¢â¬â¢S Financials, Environment issues and Mattel 1. APPÃ¢â¬â¢s financials Growth of the pulp and paper industry in Indonesia mainly came from leverage, which drove returns on equity ever higher. International financial institutions had played a central role in supplying the finances for APP. Its assets totaled US$17. billion, of which shareholders had financed 25 per cent (the most important shareholders being the Widjaja family, and the American fund managers, Franklin Templeton Investments and Capital Group), bondholders 38 per cent and banks 20 per cent. Over 300 international financial institutions, including many leading financial institutions (e. g. , investment banks in the U. S. , T he Netherlands, Switzerland and Germany) and export credit agencies were among those heavily involved in providing and guaranteeing this finance over the 10 years prior to 2001. Among the private financial institutions were Barclays Bank, NatWest, Morgan Stanley Dean Witter, Credit Suisse First Boston, Goldman Sachs, Franklin Templeton, Capital Group, Merrill Lynch, Bank of America, Deutsche Bank, ABN Amro and Bank of China. The use of financial Ã¢â¬Å"mark-upÃ¢â¬ practices Ã¢â¬â that is, the artificial inflation of the cost of an investment project Ã¢â¬â had allowed some pulp and paper products to secure much larger amounts of financing for their projects than they actually needed. In fact, financial institutions queued up to invest in the Indonesian pulp and paper companies because they perceived that they had a competitive advantage due to their access to cheap raw material resources. You read "Indonesian Economy: Asia Pulp and Paper" in category "Papers" The situation turned difficult for APP in April 2001 when it announced that it had failed to include a US$220 million loss on two currency swap contracts in its financial statements, quickly followed by an official announcement that earlier financial statements for 1997 to 1999 Ã¢â¬Å"should not be relied uponÃ¢â¬ . A confidential 2,000-page report from KPMG released in July 2001 listed questionable transactions and accounting entries made in 1999 and 2000 by APPÃ¢â¬â¢s four Indonesian entities, and noted $1. 6 billion in provisions for doubtful debts, reclassification of receivables as well as a $672 million in derivative losses from various APP units. Other transactions, including $457 million in guarantees for non-APP companies, brought the total amount in the Ã¢â¬Å"questionableÃ¢â¬ category to $4. 41 billion. 2. Environment issues APP-China invested over 300 million RMB in environmental conservation facilities and activities in 2009 alone, and had invested over 5 billion RMB in environmental protection by 2009. APP-China inn 2009 also achieved 100% treatment of its solid waste from its six major pulp and paper mills. APP-China was honored in 2009 with the Ã¢â¬Å"Award of Contribution to Low Carbon Business (Multinational Corporation)Ã¢â¬ at the first meeting of the Low Carbon Forum hosted by the National Committee of the Chinese PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Political Consultatative Committee (CPPCC) and the China Association for Science and Technology. APP-China also received the Ã¢â¬Å"Green China Campaign-2009 Scientific Development of Forest Plantation Special AwardÃ¢â¬ by the China Green Foundation and the State Bureau of Forestry, Center for Economic Development Research. Further, APP-China received the Ã¢â¬Å"2009 Scientific Forest Plantation Development AwardÃ¢â¬ by the China Green Times. In November 2007, Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) decided to rescind the rights of APP to use their logo, following pressure from other FSC Stakeholders, and a new policy approach by FSC Board of Directors. A investigation published in March 2008 by an environmental coalition called Eyes on the Forest showed evidence of a new road built by APP, heading through the Kampar peninsula, one of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s largest contiguous tropical peat swamp forests, with more carbon per hectare than any other ecosystem on Earth. The investigation found tracks on the new road of the critically endangered Sumatran Tiger, whose wild population has been reduced to less than 500 individuals. APP claimed that it was building this state-of-the-art, paved highway for the benefit of the local communities, though satellite imagery shows that the road does not go anywhere near the two settlements. 3. Mattel On June 8, 2011, Greenpeace launched Ã¢â¬Å"Barbie, ItÃ¢â¬â¢s OverÃ¢â¬ , an international campaign criticising MattelÃ¢â¬â¢s use of Asia Pulp PaperÃ¢â¬â¢s products in its packaging, particularly in its line of Barbie products. Within two days of the campaignÃ¢â¬â¢s start, Mattel ordered its packaging suppliers to stop buying from Asia Pulp Paper pending an investigation into GreenpeaceÃ¢â¬â¢s deforestation allegations, and further ordered its suppliers to report on how they source materials. Asia Pulp ; Paper welcomed MattelÃ¢â¬â¢s response, believing that MattelÃ¢â¬â¢s investigation would conclude that its Ã¢â¬Å"packaging materials are more than 95% recycled paper sourced from around the world. Ã¢â¬ On October 5, 2011, Greenpeace announced that Mattel stated that it would no longer purchase pulp and paper products from Asia Pulp ; Paper due to the effects that its logging practices had on the Sumatran tiger population III. Challenges and recommanded strategy 1. The challenges The Strategy Group has identified many significant challenges facing the ndustry, including: * loss of demand for its products due to the consequences of the global financial crisis in late 2008 and early 2009 * increased consumer and business use of digital communications, resulting in a slowing of the growth in consumption of paper-based communication, including newspapers * increased competition from cheaper imports, often using fibre from unsustainable sources, resulting in an uneven in ternational playing field * projected shortages in available wood-based fibre to provide feedstock for existing pulp and paper facilities, especially due to limits on timber plantation establishment * escalating costs of key industry inputs, especially electricity, and limitations on the ability of the industry to capitalise on its innate energy generation capability * level of investment has been lowÃ¢â¬âthose mills lacking investment are facing closure while others which have continued or increased investment have become automated and more efficient * he growth of China, India and other emerging economies such as Indonesia, which is significantly altering the traditional supply and demand dynamics for paper products * the low level of R;D by AustraliaÃ¢â¬â¢s pulp and paper companies affecting the level of innovation and international competitiveness they can achieve * government and community responses to climate change, affecting all industries in Asia, including the pulp an d paper industry 2. Recommandations Recommendations can be grouped into four major themes: innovation, investment, sustainability and productivity. The first recommendation is fundamental to the entire strategy and stretches across all four themes. It deals with the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s commitment to the long-term viability of the pulp and paper industry in Asia and its workers. Asian Government( China, Japan, Singapour,indnesia) make a clear public statement supporting the value and long-term viability of the Asian pulp and paper industry, recognising the industryÃ¢â¬â¢s commitment to good environmental outcomes and its key role in the provision of economic and social opportunities for thousands of Asian, many in vulnerable regional communities. Innovation A Pulp and Paper Industry Innovation Council shloud be established and appropriately funded to build a culture of innovation in the industry. The Innovation Council will recognise AsianÃ¢â¬â¢s competitive strengths in fibre production, product innovation and renewable energy, and focus on long-term issues facing the industry. Investment The asian Government establish a plantation investment model that delivers the re-establishment and expansion of timber plantations to underpin existing processing industries or led to the creation of new processing industries in asia . Sustainability The Australian Government work with industry to support internationally recognised forest certification schemes (including the Indonesian Forestry Standard, the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification and the Forest Stewardship CouncilÃ¢â¬â¢s certification scheme) that provide for legal and sustainable forest management which ensures transparency, accountability and global and local consistency of application. Productivity Noting the significant price increases associated with the exercise of generator market power in the National Electricity Market, the Ministerial Council on Energy should accelerate efforts to improve competition in the wholesale electricity market, including by increasing penalties and developing rule changes to limit the exercise of generator market power. The Asian Government should support workforce planning and development initiatives that underpin future economic opportunities for the pulp and paper industry and its workforce. IV. APP, a compa ny to watch APP is a company more in the news than not, and for some good reasons; it has a well known plan to be the Number 1 pulp and paper company in the world; it operates in one of the Ã¢â¬Å"hottestÃ¢â¬ regions, Indonesia, when it comes to the NGOs focus on deforestation and climate change; it has a strategy of organic growth that includes the installation of the biggest and very best and in pulp and paper technology: and a strategy of acquisitive growth that will probably put it firmly in the RISI headline news stakes even more regularly next year. With its bold mission to be the number 1, APP is going to have yet another tough year in 2011 as it comes under even closer scrutiny regarding its forestry and plantation operations in Indonesia. Indeed 2010 saw a ramping up of NGO activity aimed against the company, particularly from Greenpeace, in which it published a series of reports highlighting alleged environmental transgressions, as well as naming some of the major brands around the world that were buying the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s products. APP in return commissioned a series of independent reports, including one by former Greenpeace founder Dr Patrick Moore, refuting the allegations. But perhaps the real reason this company is one of our Five to Watch for next year is its seemingly unstoppable progress, with new expansions in both pulp and paper too numerous to mention, including the start up of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s biggest fine paper machine located on Hainan Island, China. One of the main areas of interest is where all the fine paper that APP is producing is going to go as duties have now been imposed in both the US and Europe on fine paper coming in from China. Duties are also now being talked about in Brazil and India as anti-dumping fears in those countries come to the fore. Another major development on the horizon is APPÃ¢â¬â¢s aggressive acquisition strategy abroad through its subsidiary Paper Excellence based in Holland which has already seen it buy up four pulp mills, two in France and two in Canada. Could we see APP making an acquisition of a major European or US pulp or paper company in 2011? Conclusion APPÃ¢â¬â¢s trajectory since the early 1990s has been very impressive for several reasons. Focusing at first on Indonesia to develop a pulp and paper empire in order to become one of the top ten producers in the world, the group achieved its objective owing to very lax attitudes on the part of investors both from Indonesia and abroad. The context of the early and mid 1990s, with the so-called Ã¢â¬ËAsian miracleÃ¢â¬â¢ and the Indonesian governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s official policy of pushing industries with a clear export-oriented stance, and the availability of huge forest areas for conversion, permitted the extraordinarily fast expansion of APPÃ¢â¬â¢s capacity. This expansion has been mainly based on debts, either through bond issuance or bank loans. In conclusion, Asia Pulp Paper seems to illustrate the theories saying that the divergence between ownership and control through pyramid structures corresponds to poor corporate governance and leads to lower firm performance. References Ã¢â¬Å"Why a Ã¢â¬ËGreenÃ¢â¬â¢ Logo May Mean Little,Ã¢â¬ Wall Street Journal, 30 Oct 2 007 * New APP Logging Road Threatens One of WorldÃ¢â¬â¢s Biggest Carbon-Storing Forests, Tigers; Eyes on the Forest, March 2008 * Logging Road Threatens Rare Peat Dome, Tigers * PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Daily Online Ã¢â¬â Forestry authorities charges Singaporean paper giant with illegal logging * Asia Times OnlineÃ :: Southeast Asia news and business from Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia and Vietnam * a b FSC rules in upheaval after green groups level accusations at APP | printweek. com | Latest Print Industry News, Jobs, Features, Product Reviews, Used Printing and Packaging Machinery * FT. com / Home UK / UK Ã¢â¬â The usefulness of scholarships and tigers * Ethical Corporation: Archive Ã¢â¬â APP decision a Ã¢â¬Å"landmarkÃ¢â¬ for ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s environmentalists * http://www. rainforest-alliance. rg/forestry/documents/app. pdf * wikipedia * APP Ã¢â¬Ë s Annual report 2010 , from www. freereport. com * http://www. ppimagazine. com/ppiissue/ Ã¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬â Ã¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬â [ 1 ]. Sumatran Tiger incidentÃ : During late July 2011 Greenpeace revealed images and footage on their website that showed a critically endangered Sumatran tiger. This tiger had become trapped by an animal snare at the edge of an APP concession, and had been there for at least seven days, without food or water. Attempts to tranquilise and rescue the tiger failed due to its poor condition of health. APP denied any responsibility, despite reports to the contrary. How to cite Indonesian Economy: Asia Pulp and Paper, Papers
Saturday, May 2, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"My Fair LadyÃ¢â¬ is a classic 1964 film produced by Jack Warner and James Katz and Directed by George Cukor. The filmÃ¢â¬â¢s protagonist, an ambitious Phonetician, Professor Higgins, promises to transform the life and socio-economic status of a poor flower girl, the female protagonist, Eliza, by teaching her to speak Standard English and the Ã¢â¬ËproperÃ¢â¬â¢ way to behave. He aspires to Ã¢â¬Å"change her into a different human being by creating a new speech for her. Ã¢â¬ By doing this he suggests he Ã¢â¬Å"fill the deepest gap that separates class from class and soul from soulÃ¢â¬ . His attitude is an indication of the contempt with which speakers of Ã¢â¬ËprestigiousÃ¢â¬â¢ varieties of language treat other speakers of varieties considered to be Ã¢â¬ËlowÃ¢â¬â¢ or Ã¢â¬ËbadÃ¢â¬â¢. The film addresses linguistic and cultural issues such as language change, regional and social variation and prescriptivistsÃ¢â¬â¢ and descriptivistsÃ¢â¬â¢ attitudes toward such variations of language and issues of language and identity and socio-economic status associated with these phenomena. We will write a custom essay sample on My Fair Lady Review or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page It brings to the fore attitudes towards linguistic variation in England and around the world and highlights prescriptivistsÃ¢â¬â¢ perspectives about using the English language. Standard English is presented as a superior model of language. Professor Higgins believes that Ã¢â¬Å"the majesty and grandeur of the English language is the greatest possession we have. Ã¢â¬ He demonstrates attitudes of traditional linguistsÃ¢â¬â¢ about the proper use of English by asserting that the Bible, Milton and Shakespeare are models of English that should be emulated. Professor Higgins believes that Eliza (or all humans) possess the Ã¢â¬Å"divine gift of articulate speechÃ¢â¬ but is Ã¢â¬Å"condemned by every syllable she uttersÃ¢â¬ and should be Ã¢â¬Å"hung for her cold- blooded murder of the English tongue. Ã¢â¬ Further, he criticises the lower classes of H dropping and incorrect pronunciations of vowels. An EnglishmanÃ¢â¬â¢s way of speakingÃ¢â¬ he states, classifies himÃ¢â¬ . His speech may cause others to Ã¢â¬Å"despise him. Ã¢â¬ This shows how Language can have an effect on any society or how society or groups of people can be defined by it. Professor explains that if Colonel Pickering spoke the way Eliza does, he may be doing the same job as she, indicating that there is a relationship between our use of language and our socio-economic status. Social variation or what he calls Ã¢â¬Å"verbal class distinctionsÃ¢â¬ should be Ã¢â¬Å"antiqueÃ¢â¬ . He uses this point also to question the quality of the system of education and points out that certain jobs require Ã¢â¬Å"better English. Ã¢â¬ Deckert Vickers endorses this notion; different varieties of English are not Ã¢â¬Å"held in equal social standingÃ¢â¬ because of our history and Ã¢â¬Å"effects of colonialismÃ¢â¬ . Ã¢â¬Å"Standard and non-standard language labelsÃ¢â¬ are not linguistic but they are Ã¢â¬Å"social labelsÃ¢â¬ (33, 38). Attitudes toward regional variations of language are also highlighted in the film. Professor Higgins expresses outrage at the way people from other nations and from various locations in England use English Ã¢â¬Å"as they like. Ã¢â¬ He advocates for one language rather than variation in language use; he despises the Scottish and Irish for the way they use English and expresses disappointment that there are Ã¢â¬Å"places where English completely disappears or varieties have developed (language change or loss). Ã¢â¬ Deckert and Vickers explain that several varieties of World English have developed. There are differences between the Englishes of Great Britain, Canada, the United States, and any number of other major varieties of the language in other English speaking countries. Even within a given country, there are different varieties of EnglishÃ¢â¬ (33). Colonel Pickering has a different attitude however; he seems to represents a different kind of linguist, a descriptivist, one who recognises and appreciates a personÃ¢â¬â¢s culture, language and differences and respects and treats them fairly. This is marked in how he is respectful of Eliza and the fact that he is portrayed as the Ã¢â¬Å"author of spoken Sanskrit, a record of how people use language as against a prescription of its use. He also seems to have an appreciation for the many dialects and languages spoken in India. This is the way descriptive linguistics treat the study of language. They donÃ¢â¬â¢t reject the varieties of language use; they record and commemorate them. The film does not only show how people can be identified by their speech but also how speech can mask us as well. Eliza is treated with disdain and disrespect by Professor Higgins but in the end, her refined behaviour and speech cause her to gain his approval and honour; she is now masked as a member of the elite, a royal and genteel lady and even an expert linguist is unable to determine her origin.