Tuesday, March 24, 2020
Art Essay Essays Art Essay Essay Art Essay Essay Fearing a Savage GoyaÃ¢â ¢s painting, Saturn, comprises of a man being appalled by an unknown creature, as in Goldings novel, Lord of the Flies, the boys stranded on the island are in fear of a snake like beastie that haunts the island. Goya and Golding exhibit the emotional state of humans when intimidated by the unknown by creating a vivid series of images throughout with a unique style, mood, and a concrete symbol. The images that are in the painting, illustrate a very gruesome creature consuming a human being pleasurably. This thought can also be found throughout the novel, in the minds of the littluns. Once the boy with the mulberry mark on his face, claimed that he saw a snake-thing, all the littluns were terrified by this creature or beastie (Golding 35). The painting exemplifies this idea of imagination. Another way, both Golding and Goya exhibit the emotional state of humans when intimidated by the unknown is by setting a unique style. In the novel, Golding has a very simple style with deep subject matter. The painting compliments this, through a very simple picture. The painting of the creature isnÃ¢â ¢t too detailed but has a very disturbing thought. The mood in both the image and the novel are complimentary at definite times. The image through the use of very dark colors gives a dark, solemn, bloodcurdling gruesome mood. This same mood can be found when the littluns dear is talked about. An additional technique that both Golding and Goya both use to exhibit the emotional state of mind when intimidated by the unknown, is symbolism. In the novel, the imagination is shown as very wild and impacting. Once the littluns heard, the boy with the mulberry mark on his face, talk bout the creature their imaginations created their own picture due to the lack of details provided. The image, illustrates one possible appearance of the beastie. Both the painting and the images in the littluns minds all symbolize manÃ¢â ¢s fear of the beastie. Fear of anything that can possibly harm him. Fear of anything unknown. Chapter 2, Fire on the Mountain, and in the painting , Saturn by Goya, both build a foundation to initiate the fear that spreads drastically throughout the novel. The painting exhibits fear of a creature. Which can lead to fearing anything unknown, this fear has been demonstrated that it can take away nobility and turn humans into dangerous savages. These dangerous savages can even take life away with no emotional or mental destruction, as exposed in the painting.
Friday, March 6, 2020
Heroes in English Literature Heroes in English literature constitute a majority of the middle Ages narratives. In epic plays, poems and narratives, heroes were defined as being selfless individuals who deliberately and courageously risked their lives for a justified cause.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Heroes in English Literature specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More They are said to overcome risky and dangerous obstacles for the benefit of others. In the middle Ages, there is a variety of literal text that depicts heroes. These include epic heroes like Beowulf, romantic or chivalric heroes like Lanval and Lord Gawain and the green Knights (Kline 27). This middle Ages narrative will form the basis of this paper in showing the comparison of these heroes. Then what qualities were deemed to characterize these heroes in the middle ages? From the above mentioned epic heroes, we find that the aspect of heroism is differentiated mostly to suit the time i n which they were written and also to meet the expectation of the audience and preference at the time. In Beowulf, we find that heroism was depicted by being courageous and brave. This is demonstrated by Beowulf who travels far and wide to prove his strength. From the story, it is evident that the community which was the Danes of Denmark and the Geats who constituted Beowulfs own people valued not only physical strength as an attribute, but also the aspect of being selfless for the greater good. This is demonstrated when king Hrothgar of the Danes great hall called Heorot is attacked by a demon called Grendel and kills most of the kings men. It is prudent to mention at this juncture that Beowulf being an epic poem starts at the Medias res. So we learn through narration of king Hrothgar to Beowulf that Grendel has been attacking the village and killing the people (Heaney 56). Beowulf is depicted as a hero because of his ability to defeat Grendel without being armed. According to the story, Beowulf severs GrendelÃ¢â¬â¢s arm. Being mortally wounded, Grendel retreats to his borrow to die, but this is not the end of king Hrothgar tribulations as GrandelÃ¢â¬â¢s mother avenges her sonÃ¢â¬â¢s death by killing king Hrothgar close friend Aeschere, Beowulf swears to avenge Aeschere death and goes after Grendel mother in the swamps and kills her by her own sword, heroism in this case is depicted by the ability of the hero or heroin to defeat super natural demons, its a matter of mortal being verses supper natural beings.Advertising Looking for essay on british literature? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More According to some analysts, epic narratives were meant to depict a man as being in control of his fate and that his destiny was not predetermined by the supernatural beings. At the end of the story we see Beowulf fighting a dragon that had ravaged his kingdom and, although this is fifty years after ki lling GrendelÃ¢â¬â¢s mother and himself being old, he still has to prove his ability. Thus, he goes after the dragon and although he managers to kill it, it is at his own demise because he shortly succumbs to death. In BeowulfÃ¢â¬â¢s case, a hero is the one who gives his life for other to live. Although Beowulf forms what we may refer to as traditional form of epic poems, Marie de France in Lanval introduces us to a different aspects in terms of how epics were viewed traditionally. Normally, heroes were men who were supposed to save the women at all cost even to their own peril, but in Lanval, it is the direct opposite where it is the woman who saves the man. The reason given for this drastic change from male centered epics that depicted males as being heroes and females being villains is the fact that Marie de France lived in the era of Eleanor of Aquitaine who herself loved plays that women played important roles. In Lanval, the story is about a knight called Lanval who sits a t king Authors table and is overlooked by King Author and rest of the kings official, feeling depressed for having nothing and most importantly land (Marie De France 1-2). He rides of to the countryside to clear his head. Marie de France adopts the fairy mistress motif that is traditionally used in Celtic stories, where a beautiful lady comes from another world and falls in love with the man, but there is a catch, the man should never reveal their love. If the man breaks the pact, then he is punished by the fairy lady by withdrawing her love. Lavals case is not so different, but heroism is depicted by the virtue of love rather than physical strength as was the case in Beowulf. At the time of this writing, the society seemed to uphold the truth and no wander when Lanval stood accused at the court by Guinevere, king Authors wife who wants to have an affair with Lanval, when Laval refuses to engage in such an act Guinevere accuses him of being a homosexual, but Laval sticks to his deci sion saying that he cannot betray king Arthur. Lanval is forced to confess his love to the fairy lady. He is told to prove that he has a lover or else be banished knowing very well that he had broken his world to her fairy lady. He knows that she would not turn up and so prepares to be banished, but out of the blues, she appears in front of the court and confesses her love for Lanval. The story culminates in both Lanval and her fairy lady ridding towards the sunset.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Heroes in English Literature specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Marie de France takes epic poems to the next level where heroes suffers for doing the right thing this is typical of Shakespearian tragedy where doing the right thing is the cause of a hero falling from grace to grass, but unlike Shakespeares tragedy that culminates in a sorrowful mood with the demise of the hero, Marie de France culminates Lanval on a happy end ing, where justice is served. Heroism in this aspect is depicted by virtue of love, honesty and justice rather than battles and physical strength of an individual. As mentioned earlier, Marie de France performed for Eleanor of Aquitaine and Henry II of England, by the virtue that they were royal the poems had to be tailored to show bravery in virtues and ideals rather than wars and battles, which at the time were viewed to be barbaric and not befitting nobility In sir Gawain and the Green Knight, heroisms is also depicted as a virtues rather than physical strength. The main protagonist in the story, Sir Gawain who is the nephew of King Arthur and the youngest Knight accepts a challenge from the Green Knight who rides to Camelot on the New Years Day. According to Weston, (50), the challenge is for anyone to strike the Green Knight with his own arks and that the green knight will return the blow one year and one day after. Sir Gawain doesnt just strike the green knight, but severs his head on one strike, but the green knight picks up his head and reminds Gawain to meet him one year later at Green Chappell. Heroism in sir Gawain and the Green Knight, is demonstrated by the fact that sir Gawain honors his word and a year later rides to green Chappell to receive his dues, also the aspect of faithfulness and luck of greed is depicted in the story as being acts of heroism, during the long journey and on the brink of starvation, Sir Gawain encounters a beautiful castle and is hosted by lord Bertilak de Hautdesert and his beautiful wife, sir Gawain informs them of the task at hand to meet the green knight, but Bertilak informs Gawain that the Green chapel is only a mile away and that he should be Lord Bertilak guest. In the meantime each time Lord Bertilak went hunting lady Bertilak would try to seduce Gawain this went on for days, but Gawain would not yield, eventually she hands Gawain a green girdle. Gawain goes to meet the green knight at the chapel and finds him wa iting, Gawain bends and waits for the Green Knight to strike him, but due to fear, he flinches and Green Knight only makes a mark on Gawains neck on the third strike and reveals himself as Lord Bertilak de Hautdesert (Weston 56). Gawain is a hero because of virtues and not his strength, the ability to stick to his word and be faithful to lord Bertilak de Hautdesert saves him and returns to Camelot as a hero. Heaney, Seamus. Beowulf: a new verse translation. Reprint, New York: Norton Co., 2001. Print.Advertising Looking for essay on british literature? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Kline, T. Daniel. The medieval British literature handbook: Literature and cultural handbook. New York: Continuum International Publishing Group, 2009. Print. Marie, De France and Gallagher, Edward. The Lays of Marie de France. Upper Saddle River: Hackett Publishing, 2010. Print. Weston, Jessie Laidlay. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight: Dover Books on Literature Drama. New York: Courier Dover Publications, 2003. Print
Wednesday, February 19, 2020
Funding Streams in the Health and Social Care Sector - Essay Example There will be bids from consortia for approaches will be included in a wide range of client groups and innovation and sustainability beyond funding will be equally vital. A good number of evidence that may inform an evaluation of the approach will be used in supporting organization activity and are effectively self-sustaining in the long run. The proposal is supposed to be based on realistic level of resources that may help in the overall program. Evaluation of the funded program will be analyzed by the implementation group that will have the role of identifying and sharing lessons learned and the organizations that are successful in this round of bids will have the chance to learn from the operation of the program. The ProgramÃ¢â¬â¢s strategy is intended to ensure high quality, accessible advice that provides a key role in enabling informed choice and in supporting an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s pathway through support. On the other side, fund priorities include building the capacity of independent advice and support especially in areas where such kind of activities do not exist and addressing the support and information needs of all the user groups such as people providing care. Moreover, the fund will support the development of a range of advice and support services in relation to the relevant authorities and to evaluate the approaches taken within funded bids to support sustainability in the long run such as informing future commissioning strategies (Great Britain 2011, pp. 59-61).
Tuesday, February 4, 2020
Maine - A novel- J.courtney Sullivan - Essay Example In this excerpt, like the other three women, Maggie is struggling with universal issues that are affecting women in this last century. As a result, she is forced to confront the real truths about themselves together with their relationships. Maggie is thirty-two years of age, and she is pregnant. However, she is still waiting for that perfect moment to break the news to her imperfect boyfriend (Sullivan, 430). However, when she got pregnant, her boyfriend backed away showing the continues string of inapproriate partners for the four women. Maggie can be located in her generation in the way she dressed. Sullivan writes, she appeared in Ã¢â¬Å"tiny tight dress in Lewinsky blueÃ¢â¬ (431). When Alice learns that Maggie is pregnant, she says, Ã¢â¬Å"Well, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s, then,Ã¢â¬ (437). This shows her anger towards MaggieÃ¢â¬â¢s pregnancy. This contributes to the theme of love and anger in the story. As the story drifts towards the end, Kathleen says to Maggie, "Its going to be okay," (444) to which she responds, "It has to be"(446). This shows the existence of love between the women. This brings out the charms of MaggieÃ¢â¬â¢s adopted home in Brooklyn. Sullivan portrays three generations of women in the KelleherÃ¢â¬â¢s family who take the guilt in their secrets of their private lives. In alternating accounts late spring and early summer, the female figures contradict and complement each other in surprising but contradictable manner. By the time the story comes to an end, the reader is also ready to leave the beach. Summarily, through Maggies, the story unveils the theme of sibling rivalry, irrational love, social climbing, alcoholism, and Catholic guilt all at the centre of this Keller family. Sullivan uses the four women to show their contrasting behaviours since they belong to different
Sunday, January 26, 2020
Saturday, January 18, 2020
AP Psychology Fall Term Project Introduction I am more interested in the abstract and philosophical aspects rather than the more concrete biological aspects of psychology. The topic that interested me the most so far this year and the topic that I continued to research was the topic of morality. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have a specific question I wanted to address but as I read some articles about people who were institutionalized for violently expressing psychopathic personality traits, I came across an article that asked a question of its own.The article brought up the idea that traits of psychopathy including ruthlessness, charm, mindfulness, focus, fearlessness, and action can be beneficial to the individual. From this idea, the question I sought to answer was Ã¢â¬Å"If we all take on typically immoral psychopathic tendencies, are they no longer immoral? Ã¢â¬ Summary The article I read came from Scientific American adapted from the non-fiction book The Wisdom of Psychopaths: What Saint s, Spies, and Serial Killers Can Teach Us about Success by Kevin Dutton. The main question posed by Dutton is: Can the typical traits of a psychopath benefit people at certain points in their lives?The article is more of an interview with some patients at Broadmoor, Ã¢â¬Å"the best-known high-security psychiatric hospital in EnglandÃ¢â¬ and an observation rather than a study with measurements and variables. However, applying knowledge of Kohlberg, Brofenbrenner, and GillianÃ¢â¬â¢s theories make the article even more interesting. In the article, Dutton discusses the inmatesÃ¢â¬â¢ solutions to problems similar to that of the Heinz dilemma, psychopathy and the brain, and a relation to psychopathic traits to religion and happiness.If what he discusses were put into terms of variables, the independent variable could be expression of psychopathic traits and the dependent variable could be anything the traits effect from happiness to inner or universal morality. Discussion In the ar ticle, the ideas of the psychopaths can be looked at and evaluated using both Kohlberg and BrofenbrennerÃ¢â¬â¢s theories on moral development. In the article Dutton asks one of the inmates a hypothetical question. An old woman moves out of her house to live with her daughter and son-in-law.The house is in an up and coming neighborhood and she can get a good price if she sold it. The only problem is the tenant who doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to move out. How do you get the tenant to leave? The first thing the psychopath said was Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m presuming weÃ¢â¬â¢re not talking violence hereÃ¢â¬ indicating that psychopaths do have a sense of the Level II conventional morality described by Kohlberg. The psychopath recognizes that violence is typically punished and looked down upon by law and society, putting the psychopath into at least Stage 4 of KohlbergÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of moral development.Essentially the psychopath solves the problem by saying that someone should pretend to be som eone from the health department and tell the tenant that the house is not safe to live in and he must leave as soon as he can. He doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t explain his reasoning but most psychopaths are concerned with one thing only: getting the job done. However, the article doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t go into why or how the psychopath determined this was the best way to remove the tenant.If the psychopath figured the action would lead to reward (getting the tenant out) and that is the only consequence, he would be in Stage 1 of KohlbergÃ¢â¬â¢s theory and orientation 1of BronfenbrennerÃ¢â¬â¢s theory. On the other end of the spectrum, if the psychopath figured that if the house got sold and the old woman and her daughter and son-in-law could live comfortably, that the expulsion of the tenant (whether he became homeless or even finds another place to stay) would be the greatest good for the greatest number, putting him in Stage 5 of KohlbergÃ¢â¬â¢s theory.This would be orientation 4 of BronfenbrennerÃ ¢â¬â¢s theory called objectively oriented morality in which the standing goals of the group override that of the individual. As the conversation continues, the discussion turns to worrying about the future affecting actions in the present. The psychopaths discuss the idea that thereÃ¢â¬â¢s no use in getting your mind wrapped in what might happen when everything in the present is perfectly fine and that you shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t let your brain get ahead of you. Do in the moment what makes you happy. Dutton describes this as mindfulness.Dutton brings up the fact that embracing the present is something that psychopathy and schools of spiritual enlightenment have in common. When it comes to psychology, Dutton brings up a Ã¢â¬Å"mindfulness-based cognitive-behavior therapy program for sufferers of anxiety and depression. Ã¢â¬ Surely, mindfulness and living in the present has its benefits but ignoring the future can produce dangerous consequences as well. Since some stages of morality a re based on self satisfaction, others the law and religion, and further the good of society, I have answered my question Ã¢â¬Å"If we all take on typically immoral psychopathic tendencies, are hey no longer immoral? Ã¢â¬ The answer I came up with is, Ã¢â¬Å"it depends. Ã¢â¬ The reason Ã¢â¬Å"it dependsÃ¢â¬ is because, well, it does. Anyone can have psychopathic traits of mindfulness, ruthlessness, action, charming, and fearlessness; itÃ¢â¬â¢s just about how we use them. Sure, Dutton suggests these traits can lead to happiness and success, but in the right amount and for the right reasons. What we consider the Ã¢â¬Å"right reasonsÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"right amountÃ¢â¬ is also based on our own levels of morality. If everyone was charming, fearless, ruthless, and mindful, we would all be doing what we could to get ahead and be happy.If doing what is necessary to be happy and get ahead became a universally moral idea, then sure, there wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be a problem with psychop aths, liars, and cheaters. But in the world in which we live, where we all have our own different ideas of good and bad with exceptions and loopholes included, under the Ã¢â¬Å"rightÃ¢â¬ circumstances, these traits are acceptable and useful, but at the Ã¢â¬Å"wrongÃ¢â¬ times they can be damaging and violating. Should we all just become psychopaths? I guess it just depends. Citation Dutton, K. (2013, January). Wisdom from Psychopaths? [Electronic version]. Scientific American.
Friday, January 10, 2020
Perhaps it is the aim of every storyteller to leave their reader a little changed after having read the tales they so carefully weave.Ã But how many authors can actually achieve this? Leaving their audience with a story that broadens the mind, asks deep questions, and probes into the way we work is not easily done.Ã The ability to move us from one plane to another is what distinguishes a really great writer from a storyteller.Ã For many, Stephen King is such an author.Ã Some may say even more so because of the use of his genre of the fantastical, the horrific and the gruesome. Exploring the darker parts of our psyches, and our everyday lives, he manages to lead us along the path to contemplate difficult social questions. Always leaving them open for us to determine the answers for ourselves.In a comparison of his two works, The Long Green Mile and Hearts of Atlantis, we can explore his use of the fantastical as an opportunity to raise thought provoking social questions.Ã Although both books, also interestingly both written as a series, are very different in nature, they share the common theme of finding the extraordinary in ordinary life.Ã Each book finds the hero that seems to hide in everyday circumstances while at the same time forcing us to look at several of the factors that shape our lives, for the good or the bad. As mentioned by Jonathan Davis in his work, Stephen KingÃ¢â¬â¢s America, Ã¢â¬Å"While some of his stories focus more on one area than others, a close reading of his works will often show that King seldom fails to include a wide view of American society.Ã¢â¬ (Davis)The Long Green Mile is a prime example of KingÃ¢â¬â¢s use of storytelling as social commentary.Ã In the book the main characters are themselves symbols of the society in which we live.Ã John Coffey, and innocent man sent to death row for a crime he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t commit. Is it because he is simple, or because he is black? As Sharon Russell states in her c ritical review, Revisiting Stephen King , Ã¢â¬Å"While Coffey dominates the action, he remains an enigma, a symbol of a good beyond understanding.Ã¢â¬ (Russell)And his mysterious gift to heal is starkly contrasted with William WhartonÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to destroy.Ã Just as Coffey is the symbol for good, so is Wharton the symbol for evil.Moreover, the underlying theme that resonates throughout the book is just that; the nature of good and evil. And Stephen King shows us how that battle rages in many arenas of our lives. One obvious question is that of racism. Was Coffey found guilty because he was black? Another character in the story, a white business man, was released from a murder he obviously committed. There was nothing to point to Coffey but the fact that he was found with the girls. Was racism a factor?Also, the question of the death penalty raises its head several times. Delacroix, a horrible man, suffered death in the electric chair. However, the brine filled sponge tha t was supposed to make the electrocution quick and painless was omitted purposefully by one of the jailers. This resulted in a horrific and torturous death by Delacroix.Ã Was his suffering justifiable?Delving a little more deeply we probe the seemingly senseless death of Janice who had just escaped death by the miraculous hands of Coffey.Ã After all the trouble and the wondrous miracle that saved her life, to die in a bus accident leaves lingering questions of human justice versus divine justice.Similarly, in Hearts of Atlantis Ã King dances the fine line between fantasy and reality, although in a different way.Ã Although some of the characters are recurring, we are able to see them forming the opinions and beliefs that will be the basis of their actions in the future. Also, again King explores the realm and power of childhood.Ã In The Long Green Mile Coffey is used and explored as childlike and also, interestingly, he is the one that has the mystical and unquestioned healing power.Ã In Hearts of AtlantisÃ we see the children as they are and watch their struggle with reality and fantasy defines them.Those transitional moments are very apparent in the first story of Bobby and Carol.Ã Bobby was an everyday hero, Stephen King style. The ordinary fabric of society, hiding heroÃ¢â¬â¢s in every thread.Ã However, King goes one step further by reintroducing the few key characters throughout a string of seemingly unrelated stories.Ã By doing this he shows us the connectivity of individuals. How the actions we make today have huge impacts on others and shape their lives. BobbyÃ¢â¬â¢s bravery inspired CarolÃ¢â¬â¢s courage to stand up for what she believed later in life.By looking closely at the lives of the characters we could see how the past could have drastic effects on the future. Although with the case of Carol it empowers her, it is not the same for everyone. This is illustrated in the story, Ã¢â¬Å"Blind WillieÃ¢â¬ .Ã Bill r elives each day trying to resolve the regret for his past actions. We see the old baseball glove of BobbyÃ¢â¬â¢s that Blind Willie uses to collect the money he earns as a broken Vietnam veteran while his wife and family believe him to be a successful business man busy at the office.Ã Willie tries to find answers by living a double life.Moreover, King uses the opportunity to stir up a social commentary on the effects the Vietnam War had on people specifically and then society as a whole.Ã He uses the series of stories to look at different aspects of reaction. From the earliest stages, when war is just playing in the background, as in the case with Bobby in Ã¢â¬Å"Low Men in Yellow CoatsÃ¢â¬ and then also with young adults drifting in and out of adulthood and drafting such as was portrayed in Ã¢â¬Å"Hearts in AtlantisÃ¢â¬ .Although it seems to be a simple peek into the issues that concern college aged kids trying to leap into adulthood, the story sells its moral in the en d, as stated by Russell, Ã¢â¬Å"The story ends with an incident long after the main eventsÃ¢â¬âa reunion between Pete and one of his college friends. No matter what happened, they both agree that they tried during that period. They were not the big heroes, but they did somethingÃ¢â¬âjust as Bobby saved Carol but failed with Ted. King suggests that any positive action is important even if it is not truly heroic.Ã¢â¬ (Russell)Davis, Johnathan. Stephen king's America. Bowling Green: Bowling Green State University, 1994.Russell, Sharon. Revisiting Stephen King. Wesport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2002.Davis, Johnathan. Stephen king's America. Bowling Green: Bowling Green State University, 1994.Russell, Sharon. Revisiting Stephen King. Wesport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2002.In this way, everyone has the opportunity to be a type of hero, no matter how small the action, the effects can be long lasting.While an extensive look at any authorÃ¢â¬â¢s works reveals a repeating and recurring the me or message that appears to be central in their writing, it is Stephen KingÃ¢â¬â¢s use of his particular genre that continually draws in his readers again and again.Ã The parallel of the darker side of humanity with the fantastical opens windows to explore and question the reasons we think, act and believe as we do.Ã Perhaps it is just that use of the darker and less explored side of humanity that holds such a fascination.Russell Ã comments,Ã Ã¢â¬Å"The ongoing battle in KingÃ¢â¬â¢s fantastic universe to follow the beam and keep the world from falling apart is mirrored by later actions in the real world.Ã¢â¬ Ã So, in addition to his use of the genre to explore our social fabric,Ã his consistent use of our interconnectedness and how the past affects the present are major recurring themes.Ã By playing on our fears and opening up our minds to the impossible, we are able to look openly at issues that affect our lives without judgment, and perhaps emerge a bet ter person.